Django 2 - Create html view

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Motivation

We'd like to create an html template to use in our web.

Code

It's farely simple, just follow the steps:

  1. Create your new app: python manage.py startapp landingPage
  2. Register your app under settings.py in the main project folder (not in your newly created app) it looks like this:
    mysite/settings.py (where mysite is the name you gave it when you wrote: django-admin startproject mysite)
INSTALLED_APPS = [
    # the last part of the name (LandingpageConfig) will be located inside app.py in your new app that you created.
    'landingPage.apps.LandingpageConfig', 
    'django.contrib.admin',
    'django.contrib.auth',
    'django.contrib.contenttypes',
    'django.contrib.sessions',
    'django.contrib.messages',
    'django.contrib.staticfiles',
]
  1. Register your templates directory. In your main project's folder, in settings.py, there is a line for TEMPLATES, make sure that your DIRS looks like this:
    mysite/settings.py
TEMPLATES = [
    {
        'BACKEND': 'django.template.backends.django.DjangoTemplates',
        'DIRS': [os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'templates')],
        'APP_DIRS': True,
        'OPTIONS': {
            'context_processors': [
                'django.template.context_processors.debug',
                'django.template.context_processors.request',
                'django.contrib.auth.context_processors.auth',
                'django.contrib.messages.context_processors.messages',
            ],
        },
    },
]
  1. In your newly created app directory (landingPage/), create a file called: urls.py and a folder called templates, inside templates folder, create a name with the same naming as your app (landingPage) -> this is convension and good practices, nothing more.
landingPage/
    __init__.py
    admin.py
    apps.py
    migrations/
        __init__.py
    templates/
        landingPage/
            index.html
    models.py
    tests.py
    urls.py
    views.py
  1. On your views.py -> landingPage/views.py, write:
from django.shortcuts import render
from django.http import HttpResponse

def index(request):
    return render (request, 'landingPage/index.html')
  1. On your urls.py -> landingPage/urls.py, write:
from django.urls import path

from . import views

urlpatterns = [
    path('', views.index, name='index')
]

You should now have a working html page. Check it by running your app:
python manage.py runserver

I hope it helps







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